The United States’ pursuit of conquering the oceans and NATO’s expansion are the most significant threats facing Russia, as per the new Russian naval doctrine signed by President of Russia, Vladimir Putin on Sunday.
The 55-page document stated the “main challenges & threats” to national security as well as development were Washington’s “strategic plan to dominate the world’s oceans” and NATO military infrastructure moving toward Russia’s borders.
The doctrine, signed on Russian Navy Day, clearly mentions that, “Russia’s independent internal & external policy faces counter-measures from the United States along with its allies, who are aiming to preserve their dominance in the world, including its oceans.”
Moscow views the Western military alliance — the Soviet Union’s enemy during the Cold War — as an existential threat, using Ukraine’s membership hopes to justify its offensive on Feb. 24.
The doctrine said Moscow will seek to strengthen its leading position in exploring the Arctic and its mineral resources and maintain “strategic stability” there by bolstering the potential of the northern and Pacific fleets.
It also mentioned Russia’s desire to develop a “safe and competitive” sea route from Europe to Asia, known as the Northeast Passage, via the country’s Arctic coastline and ensure it worked throughout the year.
“Today’s Russia cannot exist without a strong fleet… and will defend its interests in the world’s oceans firmly and with resolution,” the doctrine added.